In what language was the bible first written? Let’s find out. The first human author to write down the biblical record was Moses. He was commanded by God to take on this task. Exodus 34 27 records God’s words to Moses “Write down these words, for in accordance with these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.” And what language did he use? He wrote in his native language called Hebrew. During the thousand years of its composition, almost the entire Old Testament was written in Hebrew but a few chapters in the prophecies of Ezra and Daniel and one verse in Jeremiah were written in a language called Aramaic. This language became very popular in the ancient world and actually displaced many other languages. Aramaic even became the common language spoken in Israel in Jesus’ time and it was likely the language he spoke day by day. Some Aramaic words were even used by the gospel writers in the New Testament.
The New Testament however was written in Greek. This seems strange since you might think it would be either Hebrew or Aramaic. However Greek was the language of scholarship during the years of the composition of the New Testament from 50 to 100 AD. The fact is that many Jews could not even read Hebrew anymore and this disturbed the Jewish leaders a lot. So around 300 BC, a translation of the Old Testament from Hebrew into Greek was undertaken and it was completed around 200 BC. Gradually this Greek translation of the Old Testament called the Septuagint was widely accepted and was even used in many synagogues. It also became a wonderful missionary tool for the early christians for now the Greeks could read God’s word in their own tongue.