Jesus Film Bible Study Part 7

Part 7

Luke 23:34 And they divided up his clothes by casting lots.

The soldiers cast lots among themselves to see who should get the clothes of Jesus. Why did they do that?

The soldiers did that to make fun of Jesus. This has been prophesied long ago in the Old Testament.

Psalm 22:18 They divide my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment.

In fact, there were many prophecies about the life and death of Jesus. No one else in history has so much written about them before they were even born. Other founders of religions just came and said, “Here I am, believe me.” Jesus challenged the people to search the Scriptures for themselves to see what it has to say about Him.

John 5:39 You diligently study the Scriptures because you think that by them you possess eternal life. These are the Scriptures that testify about me.

There are other things that Jesus did, which we saw in earlier videos, that were also prophesied in the Bible. For example, the incident of Jesus entering Jerusalem riding on a donkey.

Luke 19:35-37 They brought it to Jesus, threw their cloaks on the colt and put Jesus on it. As he went along, people spread their cloaks on the road. When he came near the place where the road goes down the Mount of Olives, the whole crowd of disciples began joyfully to praise God in loud voices for all the miracles they had seen.

This was prophesied in Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

Luke 23:39-43 One of the criminals who were hanged railed at him, saying, “Are you not the Christ? Save yourself and us!” But the other rebuked him, saying, “Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? And we indeed justly, for we are receiving the due reward of our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong.” And he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.” And he said to him, “Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise.”

Is it possible to have assurance of salvation?

Yes, Jesus promised that the man will be with him in paradise that day.

In other verses of the Bible, Jesus also promises salvation for anyone who would put their trust in him.

John 5:24 “Very truly I tell you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be judged but has crossed over from death to life.

1 John 5:11-13 And this is the testimony: God has given us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. Whoever has the Son has life; whoever does not have the Son of God does not have life. I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God so that you may know that you have eternal life.

Did the criminal do any good thing to deserve paradise?

No. The man was a criminal. That was why he was crucified. He was saved because of his faith, not because of his good deeds. The Bible teaches that we are never saved by our good deeds because no one is good enough for God.

Ephesians 2:8-9 For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— not by works, so that no one can boast.

Grace refers to something God gives us that we do not deserve.

Did the criminal go to paradise immediately after his death?

Yes, Jesus said to him, “Today, you will be with me in paradise.” Some religions teach that after we die, we must remain in hell for a time to pay off our sins. This is not what the Bible teaches. Jesus promises immediate entry to paradise for those who believe in him.

John 19:30 When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.

In the gospel of John, we are told that Jesus said, “It is finished” just before he died. The phrase “it is finished” is an accounting term, which means “paid in full”. It is the same words the tax collector writes on his record book when you have paid your taxes in full.

Therefore, Jesus is saying that he has paid the penalty of our sins in full. There is no need for us to pay for the penalty ourselves after death. Of course, that does not mean that sin has no consequences. If we break the law, we must pay for its consequences by going to jail. However, the eternal penalty of our sins has been paid by Jesus if we accept him as our Savior.

Luke 23:44-46 It was now about noon, and darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon, for the sun stopped shining. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two. Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” When he had said this, he breathed his last.

When Jesus died, the curtain of the temple was torn in two. What is the significance of that?

Before Jesus paid the penalty of our sins on the cross, people had to perform rituals involving animal sacrifices that looks forward to the day when the perfect lamb of God, Jesus, would come to be the sacrifice once and for all. That was why the curtain of the temple was torn in two – to symbolize that through Jesus we now have access to God without needing any more ritualistic sacrifices.

Hebrews 10:1, 8-10 The law is only a shadow of the good things that are coming—not the realities themselves. For this reason, it can never, by the same sacrifices repeated endlessly year after year, make perfect those who draw near to worship. First, he (i.e. Jesus) said, “Sacrifices and offerings, burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not desire, nor were you pleased with them”—though they were offered in accordance with the law. Then he said, “Here I am, I have come to do your will.” He sets aside the first to establish the second. And by that will, we have been made holy through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

Luke 24:1-6 But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they went to the tomb, taking the spices they had prepared. And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they went in they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus. While they were perplexed about this, behold, two men stood by them in dazzling apparel. And as they were frightened and bowed their faces to the ground, the men said to them, “Why do you seek the living among the dead? He is not here, but has risen.

Would our faith be genuine if Jesus had not risen from the dead?

1 Corinthians 15:14 And if Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith.

Imagine someone comes to you and teaches you a way to get rich. Later we read in the newspapers that he has become a bankrupt. Of course, we will lose our faith in him.

Jesus had promised eternal life to those who believe in him.

John 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.

If Jesus had not resurrected from the dead, we have no confidence that he can give eternal life to those who believe in him. By resurrecting from the dead, Jesus has proven that he can conquer death. Therefore, we can have confidence that he can give us eternal life.

Contrast this to a person who claims to be a messenger of God to show us the way to heaven. However, this person dies and remains dead. How do we know that what he teaches is true?

Matthew 28:2-6 And behold, there was a great earthquake, for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came and rolled back the stone and sat on it. His appearance was like lightning, and his clothing white as snow. And for fear of him the guards trembled and became like dead men. But the angel said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified. He is not here, for he has risen, as he said. Come, see the place where he lay.

The Bible tells us that it was an angel that rolled away the stone. Some people have speculated that perhaps there could be other explanations why the tomb was empty. Could Jesus have escaped the guards?

Even if Jesus was revived in the tomb, in a weakened condition, he would have to roll back the stone at the entrance of the tomb – a feat historians say would take about 20 men, then step out of the tomb without waking any one of the soldiers (if we assume for argument’s sake that they were asleep and we know they were not because of their strict discipline and training), step over the soldiers and escape.

The Roman soldiers were well trained; how else could the Roman empire be so vast and powerful. Therefore, it is illogical to think that Jesus’ disciples could have staged a rescue despite of the guardianship of those soldiers, especially when the records tell us that clearly that it did not happen that way.

Luke 24:36-49, 45-46 As they were talking about these things, Jesus himself stood among them, and said to them, “Peace to you!” But they were startled and frightened and thought they saw a spirit. And he said to them, “Why are you troubled, and why do doubts arise in your hearts? See my hands and my feet, that it is I myself. Touch me, and see. For a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have.” Then he opened their minds to understand the Scriptures, and said to them, “Thus it is written, that the Christ should suffer and on the third day rise from the dead.

Jesus asked his disciples to touch him to see that he was not a spirit, a ghost. He has risen from the dead in bodily form. Some have speculated that maybe Jesus didn’t die. Is it possible that Jesus survived the crucifixion?

How could Jesus have survived the ordeal of the crucifixion? Jesus was severely whipped and then nailed to the cross. Hanging by the arms after some time, the Romans further pierced his side with a spear. Now, having gone through whipping, where Jesus’ back is almost laid open, having his arms and feet pierced, having a spear thrust in his side, being taken down and washed, then plastered with many pounds of spices, would Jesus still be alive?

But suppose for argument’s sake that he was alive, do you really believe that lying for 3 days in the tomb with no medical attention would caused him to be revived? A healthy person could not survive 3 days in a tomb without food and water, not to mention a person who has gone through the sufferings that Jesus had.